The Times university rankings take into account eight criteria. The Student Satisfaction and Research criteria are weighted by 1.5 and then each of the eight criteria scores are multiplied by 10 in order to give each university a final score out of 1,000. The criteria are:
"Completion" – the percentage of students who manage to complete their degree;
"Entry standards" – the average UCAS tariff score (data source: HESA);
"Facilities spending" – the average expenditure per student on sports, careers services, health and counselling;
"Good honours" – the percentage of students graduating with a first or 2.1;
"Graduate prospects" – the percentage of UK graduates in graduate employment or further study (data source: HESA's survey of Destination of Leavers from Higher Education (DLHE));
"Library and computing spending" – the average expenditure on library and computer services per student (data source: HESA);
"Research" (data source: 2008 Research Assessment Exercise);
"Student satisfaction" (data source: National Student Survey); and
"Student-staff ratio" (data source: HESA).
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). In comparison with other rankings, such as Best Global Universities Rankings by US News (2015, 2016), World University Rankings by Times Higher Education, and ARWU, the QS World University Ranking has smaller impact and been considered as the least reliable. QS ranking has been largely criticized on its scoring standards and data validation. Previously known as THE-QS World University Rankings, QS had collaborated with Times Higher Education (THE) magazine to publish its international league tables from 2004 to 2009 before both of them started to announce their own versions.